Embassy and Consulates of Belgium in Canada
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Visa for Belgium

Processing time of a visa application for studies

It is recommended that the student applies for a visa as soon as possible and ideally before Friday 30 July 2021.

According to Article 34 of Directive 2016/801, the decision must be taken at the latest within 90 days from the date of submission of the complete request. Although this deadline is not yet written into the Act of 15 December 1980, the Immigration Office is doing its utmost to make its decision within the deadline set out in the Directive.

As the deadline for enrolment in all higher education institutions is 31 October, a complete visa application should therefore be submitted ideally before 30 July 2021.

Given the large volume of visa applications to be processed in a short period of time, the Immigration Office cannot guarantee that a decision will be made on a date that will allow the student applicant who has submitted his or her visa application after 30 July 2021, to travel to Belgium and enrol in a higher education institution before the weekend of 30 & 31 October 2021


COVID-19 : Exceptional measures for an exceptional situation

Belgium’s borders are currently closed to non-essential travel from Canada.

Anyone who intends to go to Belgium for an essential reason must obtain a travel authorization or a visa from the Consulate before traveling. Essential travel is defined at the following link: travel to Belgium

For an essential stay of >90 days (long stay) : you should apply for a D-visa.

For an essential stay of <90 days (short stay): Nationalities subject to Schengen visas must apply for a C-visa (short stay visa) (please refer to the instructions below). For others: please apply for a “travel exemption” by email to the Consulate General of Belgium in Montreal – please specify under which category. This document is not necessary for mariners, passengers in transit nor diplomats.

All other visa applications have been suspended until further notice.

REMINDER: Before traveling, all travelers must :



A. Where to apply?
B. What type of visa do you need?
C. Apply for a visa

A. Where to apply

Applications should be made from the traveler’s country of residence.

In Canada, your contact point is the Consulate general of Belgium in Montreal.

The Consulate general is the exclusive provider of visa services in Canada for

  • Short stay visas for Belgium
  • Long stay visas for Belgium

Therefore, no queries related to visas should be sent to the Embassy of Belgium in Ottawa or honorary consulates.

B. What type of visa do you need ?

1. Airport transit
2. Short stay (< 90days)
3. Long stay (> 90days)

1. Airport transit

An airport transit visa (A visa) is used to transit through the international transit zone of an airport.

Do you need an airport transit visa?

The following categories of travelers benefit from an exemption and do not need an airport transit visa:

  • Canadian citizens and nationals of most countries
  • Permanent residents of Canada travelling with a valid permanent resident card
  • Travelers who hold a valid visa for Canada

If you have to leave the international airport transit zone or if you are transiting through more than 1 airport in the Schengen area, you must be authorised for a short stay (i.e. apply for a Schengen Visa).

For further information on transits in Belgium, please check the website of our border control services.

2. Short stay (< 90days)

Any stay of maximum 90 days in Belgium is a short stay.

If you wish to stay in Belgium for up to 90 days in any 180 days period, you may have to apply for a Schengen visa (short stay visa or C visa), depending on your nationality.

Do you need a short stay visa?

  • Nationals subject to a short stay visa: visa obligations
  • Canadian citizens: Canadians are exempted from Schengen visas.
    Travel is authorised for up to 90 days over 180 days in the Schengen area without a visa.
  • Refugees or undetermined nationality: bearers of a travel document for Refugees or a certificate of identity issued by Canada are subject to a short stay visa if they wish to travel to Belgium.
  • Diplomatic and service passports: exemptions and obligations

Determine the duration of your stay

If you have recently traveled to the Schengen area, please mind the above-mentioned rule of 90/180days: the Schengen Calculator will help you prepare your next trips or visa application.

Apply for a short stay visa

To apply for a short stay visa, please click here.

3. Long stay (> 90days)

Any stay of more than 90 days in Belgium is a long stay.
Citizens of the European Union or of the European Economic Area benefit from an exemption.

Apply for a long stay visa

Application procedures are based on categories. Please determine your category and prepare your application file according to the relevant list of documents.

To apply for a long stay in Belgium, please click here.

C. Apply for a visa

To apply for a short stay in Belgium, please click here

To apply for a long stay in Belgium, please click here.